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English Grammar in Use (2) Present simple (I do)

6:34 AM / Posted by 2easy_Team /

Present simple (I do)

a) Study this example situation:

Alex is a bus driver. But now he is asleep in bed.

So:

He is not driving a bus (he is asleep).

But:

He drives a bus.

This is the present simple tense:

I /We/They/You Þ drive

He/She/It Þ drives

We use the present simple when we talk about things in general. We are not thinking only about the present. We use it to say that some thing happens all the time or repeatedly, or that some thing is true in general. It is not important whether the action is happening at the time of speaking:

  1. The earth goes round the sun.
  2. Nurses look after patients in hospitals.
  3. In Britain most of the shops close at 5.30 p.m.
  4. Remember that we say he/she/it –s. Don't forget the s:

    1. I work in a bank. Barry works in a shop.
    2. B) We use do/does to make questions and negative sentences:

      do (I/we/you/they) work?

      does (he/she/it) work?

      (I/we/you/they) don't work

      (he/she/it) doesn't work

      1. Excuse me, do you speak English?
      2. "Would you like a cigarette?" "No, thanks. I don't smoke."
      3. What does
      4. this word mean? (not "What means this word?")

      5. Rice doesn't grow in Britain.
      6. C) We use the present simple when we say how often we do things:

        1. I get up at 8 o'clock every morning. (not "am getting")
        2. How often do
        3. you go to the dentist?

        4. Ann doesn't often drink cola.
        5. In summer Tom usually plays tennis twice a week.
        6. D) Notes that we say “Where do you come from?” (= Where are you are from?):

          1. Where do you come from? (not “where are you coming from?”)
          2. He comes from Japan. (not “He is coming from Japan.”)
          3. E) When you make a suggestion, you can say Why don’t you…. ? :

            "I’m tired.” “Why don’t you go to bed early?”

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